The concept of Ecological solidarity : a tool to implement the planetary wellbeing
Convened by: Maylis Desrousseaux, Alexandra Langlais
Since a recent law of 2016, the ecological solidarity is a concept implemented in the French environmental law as a principle. Ecological solidarity became a value of biodiversity. Its first aim was limited to improve the preservation of protected areas. But this concept as a larger understanding, beyond the legal field. Indeed, this solidarity is multi-scale, applies to different territories and can even be though at the global level. Moreover, it ties people together and people to their environment, and it can also be applied to the functioning of the ecosystems. Thus, this symposia will strive to demonstrate that the ecological solidarity principle recognizes the interdependence between humans and the environment and brings a new perspective to achieve and preserve the planetary wellbeing.
We propose to organize the presentations in three parts:
1. The first part will present the point of view of an ecologist. He will demonstrate how this concept is based on the functional approach of the ecosystems and how it refers to their integrity. We will then question the different scales of ecological solidarity and see how it is ecologically meaningful to apply it at an international level.
2. The second part of the presentation will focus on the environmental equity implied by the ecological solidarity. It will expose the inequities that exist between human beings, due to the quality of their living environment (high density cities, industrial areas, mining zones, etc.) or to the access to natural resources, and explain in what the concept of solidarity rethinks the ecological debt that states or local government must at least reduce. This issue raises the question of the legitimacy of national borders and administrative territories. Therefore, the oceans appear to be one of the chosen area to build a governance based on the ecological solidarity.
3. The third part, will be based on the results previously detailed and will ask the question of the need for concepts at the international level and especially the need for concepts that allow their appropriation and potential use by indigenous peoples and other minorities, regarding the accurate expression of the solidarity that they experience with ecosystems.
- Langlais A. 2012,. The law on biodiversity and the sustainable development: new perspectives for the environmental equity ? The controversial example of ecological compensation (French). Equité et environnement. Quel(s) modèle(s) de justice environnementale ?, Larcier, pp.231-258.
- Thompson, J.D., Mathevet, R., Delanoë, O., Gil-Fourrier, C., Bonnin, M. & Cheylan, M. 2011. Ecological solidarity as a conceptual tool for rethinking ecological and social interdependence in conservation policy for protected areas and their surrounding landscape. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Science, Biologies, 334, 412-419.
-Desrousseaux M., Kotiaho J., Kohler F., 2017, Are Soils Taken into Consideration by the IPBES Assessment on Land Degradation and