The biocultural diversity framework builds on empirical evidence that biological and cultural diversity worldwide tend to be associated and face the same threats. As such, biocultural approaches offer a solid framework for conciliating environmental goals with human needs in conservation. Although we lack a common definition for the term ‘biocultural conservation’, some elements are distinctive of biocultural approaches: integration of different worldviews and values, involvement of local actors as equal partners in project design and implementation, and emphasis on local community and bottom-up action. A growing understanding of the key role that local people play in the success of conservation projects has been a prominent driver of biocultural approaches in the last decade. This symposium calls on the experiences of local community representatives, academics, and practitioners to illustrate examples of biocultural approaches in action. The talks will review different facets and challenges of biocultural conservation, including strategies of community mobilization, instruments to valorise local knowledge, and relation to the relevant national and international legal and policy frameworks. The session will offer substantive insight into conservation approaches that promote the wellbeing of both environment and people. Also, through the participation of local representatives, it will contribute to extending the conversation discourse beyond the conventional academic and professional borders and advancing ongoing efforts to build a more diverse and inclusive conservation community.
Keywords: 1) biocultural diversity, 2) biocultural conservation 3) local communities 4) local knowledge 5) wellbeing 6) worldviews.