Key conservation issues in Mediterranean-type regions of the world: a focus on Europe and North Africa
Convened by: Francisco Moreira
Mediterranean-type ecosystems (MTEs), with their characteristic climate, occur in just five regions of the world: the Mediterranean Basin, the Cape Region of South Africa, Southwestern and South Australia, California, and central Chile. In spite of their small geographic area, they harbor a significant and exclusive proportion of the planet’s biodiversity. Biodiversity values in MTE are threatened by a range of factor including land use changes, overexploitation of natural resources, global climate changes, among others. Researchers have a key role in providing solutions for conserving biodiversity in face of these multiple stressors and socio-economic challenges.
Based on similar approaches taken for other parts of the world, a group of researchers from the five MTE regions of the world organized an initiative to identify the 100 priority questions that, if answered, would contribute best to preserve biodiversity values in the region. The first results of this initiative will be presented in the Symposium. A parallel initiative is being developed by SCB-Europe and SCB-Africa, focused on Mediterranean Africa and aiming to contrast the biodiversity trends and threats in both margins of the Mediterranean Sea. In addition, some of the key questions identified will be further explored in more focused presentations.